Confirmation 201 Notes [Wk. 9]: What is the Bible and Who Wrote It?
What is the Bible and Who Wrote it?
Confirmation 201: Session 9
November 6, 2017
“The Bible doesn’t call us to believe in the Bible. It calls us to believe in Jesus.”
– Brian Zahnd
When Jesus’ first disciples asked a question, Jesus responded, “Come and see” (Jn. 1:39-41). In other places Jesus said, “Come and follow me” (Mt. 4:19). Either way, Jesus did not say, “Read the entire Bible, and know its contents, live all of its rules, and then you will know God and the secrets of the universe.” Jesus is our savior, not the Bible, but one of the key ways that we know Christ is in scripture. This session seeks to answer the question: What is the Bible. As a secondary goal, we will discuss the origins of each portion of the Bible and the authorship.
How Did Jesus Talk About the Bible?
- What was Jesus’ Bible?
- Likely the Septuagint
- Matthew (gospel) certainly used the Septuagint
- Young Woman vs. Virgin (Matthew 1:23 vs. Isaiah 7:14)
- “Look, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son,
- and they shall name him Emmanuel,”
- which means, “God is with us.” Mt.
- “Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Look, the young woman is with child and shall bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel.” Is.
- Gospel writers quoting Jesus may have looked to their own sources for help, but…
- Jesus quotes Isaiah from the Septuagint in Mark 7:6-7.
- New Testament writers quote the Septuagint 340 times compared to only 33 times quoting the Hebrew Bible as written in Hebrew.
- How did Jesus read scripture?
- Matthew 5
- You have heard it said, but I say unto you.
- Literal versus interpreted
- Eye for an eye
- He knows the whole thing well, but chooses his interpretation well.
- Matthew 22:36-40
- Most important commandments
- He makes sure that scripture changes your life and actions.
What is in Our Bible and Who Wrote It?
- Old Testament – Mostly do not know.
- New Testament – Mostly Paul and others unknown.
- Even if Moses were here, he would become an interpreter along with us. (Confessions)
- Thesis 95: “And thus be confident of entering into heaven through many tribulations rather than through the false security of peace” (Acts 14:22).
- Covenant and struggle
- General Tenor of Scripture
- Scripture, Tradition, Reason, Experience